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In this tutorial we will be going over how to propagate (create new) African Violets from the healthy leaves
currently growing on your plant. If you follow along with this tutorial, you should see one or more baby African
Violets growing from your leaf within the first three months!
Pick the healthiest looking leaf you can from your plant. For best results, try to use a leaf that isn’t too
young or old. Just a healthy “adult” leaf is what we are going for here.
Use a scalpel to cut the leaf
stem down to roughly 3/4 of an inch in length. When you make this cut, do so at a slight angle, leaving the
stem at a point on one side. After cutting the stem of the leaf, let’s turn our attention to the leaf
Take your scalpel and make a clean slice roughly 75% of the way up from the stem of the leaf. We want to cut
away the upper most portion of the leaf to promote a quicker propagation process.
Alright, so let’s check how we’ve done. At this point in the tutorial you should have a healthy adult leaf
with incisions made to both its stem and upper most portion of the leaf. If this is the case, continue on
with the tutorial below. If not, make sure you have followed the steps outlines above.
Now it’s time for us to prepare the pot and mix that the leaf will be going into. Set the leaf we are using
for this propagation aside for a moment. We need a small pot, and mix that promotes propagation. A
Propagation Mix (60% Vermiculite, 20% Perlite, 20% Peat) is a great choice and can be custom blended by us if
you don’t already have these ingredients on hand.
As for the pot, you have a couple of choices. For a non-minature African Violets, a 3 oz. cup with a drainage
hole cut out of the bottom works fine. When cutting drainage holes remember to keep them relatively small
(around the size of the bottom of your standard ballpoint pen). If you cut your drainage holes too wide, you
run the risk of soil been lost as it funnels out the bottom of your pot. As for the pot itself, if you want
to go a fancier route, we have an excellent pot for you here. For
miniature African violets, our 1.5 inch
plastic pot works well.
Now that we have our mix and our pot ready, lightly moisten the mix and fill the pot. Your African Violet
leaf should still be waiting patiently on the side at this point. Now, stick the leaf (stem side down) into
the mix, positioning the leaf directly in the center of the pot. It is important to make sure to keep the
leaf itself is above the mix with only the stem buried.
Great! We now have have a potted leaf, ready to create new plantlets for us.
At this point we need to construct an environment that is conducive to the growth of our new plantlets. To do
this, we will take a plastic bag and cover our newly potted leaf. We do this to keep the growing atmosphere
at high humidity, while also allowing for maximum light to pass through to the leaf. When covering the leaf,
make sure the bag isn’t touching the leaf when you’re done. If you need to use something to prop the bag up,
that’s fine. If you plan to propagate a several of plants or just don't feel like bothering with the plastic
bag approach, our grow dome
can be a perfect alternative.
That’s it! Now we wait until plantlets form and grow. A plantlet should be visible anywhere from a couple of
weeks to a few months. Once the plantlets are strong enough (4-6 months), we will separate them and
transplant them. So, in four to six months, come back and read our guide for separating
and transplanting your plantlets.
“This fall I religiously followed your advice, creating an environment of shortened
days and lower temps in order to encourage blooming...I was successful. FINALLY!! Thank you, thank you!!
Both of my plants decided to bloom and they look beautiful. I wanted to share the good news and
my gratitude with you. Thanks again!”Laurie J.
“The potting medium you sent is gorgeous!! It's superior to the bark I've been
buying at Lowe's. I can't imagine what (my orchids) will do when I put them in your potting mix. It even
smells fresh!! Many, many thanks. I'll be ordering from you again.”
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